Land preservation is just as important as protecting the air that we breathe and the water that we drink. Our entire ecosystem relies on the vitality of land and water for nourishment and the safety of plants, animals and other living organisms. Every facet of our ecosystem is important to the welfare of all humans and animals. A healthy land environment promotes clean air and fresh water. It provides a safe haven for birds, plants and mammals to survive, flourish and reproduce, and it supports the stable life cycle of the food chain.
Deforestation has been a growing concern in the world. The process of permanently destroying land for the purpose of other uses has been a contributing factor to the cause of negative changes in the global climate. Through the cutting down of trees, it has lessened the amount of carbon dioxide released into the air. Deforestation has also increased the number of species extinction and the destruction of healthy soil needed for vegetation growth.
Many of the world’s distinctive species have become extinct or being threatened by extinction due to deforestation. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), nearly 20,000 species of plants and animals are listed on the Red List as being threatened with extinction. Some of the most unique animals of all time, like the Javan Rhinoceros, Bornean Orangutan, Mountain Gorilla, Giant Panda, Tiger and the Golden Lion Tamarin have all been listed as endangered species. Some animals have already become extinct over the past two centuries, such as the Javan Tiger, Caribbean Monk Seal, West African black rhinoceros and the Pyrenean Ibex.
The IUCN has performed assessments of more than 76,000 species and has set a goal to assess at least 160,000 on the Red List by the year 2020. Red List assessments serve to provide an accurate indication of the status of each species listed on the Red List and allow the IUCN to establish conservation efforts to protect animals and other living organisms from the threat of extinction.
There are ways that society can reduce the extinction of animals and prevent the mass destruction of forests. You can contribute to efforts designed to reestablish a healthy biosphere. Many reforestation projects serve to reverse the effects of deforestation, thereby restoring the healthy supply of water, reduce flooding, minimize pollution and enable endangered species to continue to prosper. Other environmental organizations, such as Mohonk Preserve, continue to maintain and protect the natural lands, including the forests, mountains, fields, streams and ponds. Visitors can enjoy extended stays while visiting the natural world at resorts, like The Mohonk Mountain House. With the support of volunteers and donors, these organizations can help to reverse the degradation of the Earth’s ecosystem, which has caused global warming, pollution and the depletion of our natural resources.
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