Celiac Disease is one of those diseases that have no known cure. It is a digestive condition which is triggered by consuming the protein gluten. Gluten can be found in foods that contain wheat, barley or rye such as pasta, bread, and cookies. The consumption of gluten by affected people results to an immune reaction in the small intestines which damage the inner surface of the intestine which in turn results to the inability to absorb certain nutrients.
The decreased absorption of nutrients associated with celiac disease can work to withhold important vitamins required by the brain, nervous system, bones, and other body organs. Usual symptoms include abdominal pain and diarrhea. An affected person’s best bet lies in the effective management of the disease through changes in diet.
Known also by the name celiac sprue, non-tropical sprue and gluten sensitive enteropathy, the disease tends to run in families. This is supported by studies that show increased risk of celiac disease due to certain gene mutations. However, other risk factors can also cause the development of the disease as it also tends to affect people with Type I Diabetes, Autoimmune Thyroid Disease, Down Syndrome, and Microscopic Colitis. Various complications such as neurological implication can arise from untreated celiac disease.
The disease can be confirmed through blood tests, small intestine sampling, and the use of a camera pill for a procedure known as capsule endoscopy. It is treated or managed through dietary modification and vitamin supplement intake. Inflammation in the small intestine subsides within several weeks from removal of gluten in the diet.
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